A standard is a widely adopted specification, technical recommendation, or similar document.
(Source: International Bureau of Weights and Measures) Here are two examples of standards: Good Manufacturing Practices, which ensure that products are consistently produced and controlled according to quality standards appropriate to their intended use and as required by the product specification and ISO 22000, which addresses food safety management.
Standards provide a reliable basis for people to share the same expectations about a product or service. Standards result in the following benefits:
The difference lies in compliance. While conformity with standards is voluntary, technical regulations are by nature mandatory.
|Established through consensus of concerned parties/stakeholders based on technology and national and international best practices.||Promulgated by authority and complied with concerned groups based on national and international acceptable limits.|
|Approved and published by recognized Standardization Body||Implemented by mandated agency|